By American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Policy and Global Affairs, Security, and Cooperation Development, Committee on Assessing Fundamental Attitudes of
An analogous applied sciences that gas medical advances additionally pose capability risks--that the information, instruments, and methods received via valid biotechnology study may be misused to create organic guns or for bioterrorism. this can be known as the twin use hindrance of the existence sciences. but even examine with the best power for misuse might provide major merits. deciding upon the right way to constrain the chance with no harming crucial medical study is necessary for nationwide defense in addition to prosperity and health. This booklet discusses a 2007 survey of yank organization for the development of technological know-how (AAAS) individuals within the existence sciences approximately their wisdom of twin use concerns and attitudes approximately their tasks to aid mitigate the dangers of misuse in their examine. total, the consequences recommend that there's huge help for methods to oversight that depend on measures which are built and carried out by way of the clinical neighborhood itself. The responses additionally recommend that there's a have to make clear the scope of study actions of shock and to supply suggestions approximately what activities scientists can take to minimize the danger that their learn can be misused via people with malicious purpose.
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Additional info for A Survey of Attitudes and Actions on Dual Use Research in the Life Sciences: A Collaborative Effort of the National Research Council and the American Association for the Advancement of Science
Following this meeting, the Council of the National Academy of Sciences decided to publish the article as originally accepted (after a standard round of ﬁnal copyediting), accompanied by this editorial to make clear our reasons for doing so (Alberts 2005). Only in a few of these cases was there any discussion of modiﬁcations to the manuscripts to remove information of dual use concern. 13 The Fink Committee Beyond the ad hoc actions by the Journal Editors and Authors Group and individual journals, a continuing need remained for broader consensus building within the life sciences community regarding issues of dual use research and the potential misuse of the life sciences for bioterrorism.
The more important method to ensure that graduating life scientists are ethical and responsible citizens is the oversight provided by their laboratory supervisors, mentors, and/or thesis advisers” (Kahn 2007). Furthermore, skeptics point out that physicians who have taken the Hippocratic oath have put that oath aside for nationalistic reasons to participate in biological weapons programs; for example Dr. Kanatjan Alibekov, a physician and scientist who directed biological weapons research and development programs in the former Soviet Union, considered the security interests of the Soviet Union more important than the Hippocratic oath he had taken (Alibek and Handelman 1999).
The overarching principle accepted by the Journal Editors and Authors Group stated that: “there is information that, although we cannot now capture it with lists or deﬁnitions, presents enough risk of use by terrorists that it should not be published” (Journal Editors and Authors Group 2003c). The group indicated that if “the potential harm of publication outweighs the potential societal beneﬁts,” a manuscript may be rejected (Journal Editors and Authors Group 2003a,b,c). html. 18 DUAL USE RESEARCH IN THE LIFE SCIENCES BOX 1-1 Statement of Principles by Journal Editors and Authors Group First: The scientiﬁc information published in peer-reviewed research journals carries special status, and confers unique responsibilities on editors and authors.