By Mark Harrison
How did the Soviet Union evaluate economically with its allies and adversaries earlier than and through global battle II? was once Soviet financial survival below mammoth German assault to be anticipated? What was once the price of the conflict in rubles, lives and foregone postwar fiscal future health? during this publication Mark Harrison solutions those questions, offering a accomplished research of the hitherto mystery Soviet statistical checklist.
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Additional resources for Accounting for War: Soviet Production, Employment, and the Defence Burden, 1940–1945
Before 1914, it was commonly assumed that the sophisticated infrastructure (and especially external trading links) of the advanced industrial powers was highly fragile and vulnerable to disruption. It was thought that countries specialised in agriculture could more easily survive blockade. With its limitless plains, apparently rugged agrarian economy and export surplus of food, Russia seemed immune to external disruption. However, World War I proved the opposite: a sophisticated infrastructure gave toughness and resilience to more industrialised economies.
The net national product (NNP) used to be simply called the 'national income'; it is found by subtracting capital consumption from GNP. It is also a convenient link to the MPS accountancy. Subtracting net factor incomes from abroad converts NNP to the net domestic product. The net domestic product at factor cost in the SNA, and NMP produced at prevailing prices in the MPS, are identically equal on the condition that purchases of final services are exactly matched by indirect taxes on purchases of final goods.
Every person's experience of unemployment or access to goods and services is individual; when aggregated with others', some essential aspect is always lost. To the person who hasn't got a job, unemployment is 100 percent; this idea expresses the loss of the quality of specific truth involved in statistical aggregation. When we turn to the statistical systems of state socialism in the USSR and postwar eastern Europe, we find all these problems compounded in layer upon layer. First, the government regime attached extraordinary importance to quantification.