Download African Cultural Astronomy by Jarita Holbrook, R. Thebe Medupe, Johnson O. Urama PDF

By Jarita Holbrook, R. Thebe Medupe, Johnson O. Urama

Astronomy is the technology of learning the sky utilizing telescopes and lightweight creditors comparable to photographic plates or CCD detectors. even if, humans have constantly studied the sky and proceed to check the sky with out the help of tools this is often the world of cultural astronomy. this is often the 1st scholarly selection of articles fascinated with the cultural astronomy of Africans. It weaves jointly astronomy, anthropology, and Africa. the amount contains African myths and legends concerning the sky, alignments to celestial our bodies stumbled on at archaeological websites and at areas of worship, rock paintings with celestial imagery, and clinical considering published in neighborhood astronomy traditions together with ethnomathematics and the construction of calendars. Authors comprise astronomers Kim Malville, Johnson Urama, and Thebe Medupe; archaeologist Felix Chami, and geographer Michael Bonine, and plenty of new authors. As an rising subfield of cultural astronomy, African cultural astronomy researchers are thinking about education scholars in particular for doing study in Africa. the 1st a part of the amount includes classes and workouts to aid the start pupil of African cultural astronomy. incorporated are routines in archaeoastronomy, cultural anthropology, and naked-eye astronomy penned by means of authors who use those usually use those equipment for his or her examine. This number of classes and learn papers offers a beginning for the cultural astronomy researcher attracted to doing paintings in Africa.

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As climate is regulated by the apparent movement of the sun between the two tropics and the associated movement of winds, it (the climate), tends to change in a similar way in the direction of the north or south of the Equator. This gives rise to symmetrical climatic zones in Africa consisting of the central zone of equatorial climate, two tropical zones, two hot deserts and two Mediterranean zones. It is noteworthy, however, that this symmetry is only perfect in West Africa. In East Africa, the climate is modified by altitude and the belts are longitudinal, while in southern Africa, the modifying factors are the contrasting ocean currents, the prevailing winds and the influence of the highlands.

It could be through stratified, cluster and systematic random sampling to get a representative sample of the studied group. In ethnographic research, Key Informants guide the terrain of the cultural domain and there should be much interaction between the Key Informants and the researcher. Selection of Key Informants and informants is based on the researcher’s theoretically and experientially informed judgment based on the issue of research focus. In a study carried out by Chukwuezi (1998) for UNICEF on Focused Ethnographic Study of Acute Respiratory Infectious (ARI) illness of children under five, in Imo and Kano States of Nigeria, a variety of informants were chosen based on the thematic issue.

The Sanskrit term referring to the temple, vimana, means “well-measured” or “well-proportioned”. Texts on temple architecture give extensive discussions of the system of proportional The Astronomical Gnomon 49 measurements which should determine all feature of the temple. The basic unit used in the Ajitagama and Rauravagama (Dagens 1984) is a “speck of dust” (rajas) as seen in a beam of light. The series of units extends upward through a hair end, nit, louse, to the barley grain which is 85 specks of dust in size.

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