Download Against the Odds?: Social Class and Social Justice in by Gordon Marshall PDF

By Gordon Marshall

What's the relation among social category and social justice? this is often presently a question of public in addition to educational curiosity. during this compelling new research the authors collect fresh advancements in normative considering social justice with new empirical findings approximately academic attainment and social mobility. the result's a path-breaking contribution to the learn of sophistication and justice, one who should be of curiosity to sociologists and political theorists for years yet to come.

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Additional resources for Against the Odds?: Social Class and Social Justice in Industrial Societies

Example text

On the contrary, Goldthorpe's whole approach to the study of social mobility has been the subject of several rather acrimonious debates, more than one of which has involved the authors of this volume. For example, it is sometimes claimed that his scheme lacks a robust theoretical foundation, that it deals inadequately with the class positions of women, and that it may be undermined in practice because of cross-national variation in the conventions by which occupations are classified. We are not insensitive to these sorts of issue.

Mobility researchers are interested instead in the quite separate issue of equality of opportunity—of access to the different (unequally advantaged) positions within that class structure—and it is this problem that we have identified as being central to the arguments of this book. With these clarifications in mind, we may now proceed to the comparative analysis of class mobility patterns, as these have been recorded by the various sample surveys. Sociologists will be aware that this is in fact one of the most intensively researched topics in contemporary social science.

Common social fluidity model = ON + DN + OD. 2 2 2 5. G = log-likelihood ratio; rG = % reduction in G achieved by the CmSF model (treating the conditional independence model as a baseline); delta = proportion of misclassified cases. 4. Results of Testing the Model of Common Social Fluidity in Eleven Nations, by Sex (Respondent's Class Determined by Reference to Own Employment) demonstrate clearly that there is a substantial measure of cross-national similarity in the degree of social fluidity. Formally, we must reject the hypothesis that relative mobility chances are exactly the same for men or for women, across the eleven industrialized countries in question.

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